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Hip replacement is a surgical procedure where adamaged section of the hip, is replaced with anartificialone, known as the prosthetic implant to help reduce pain and improve functionality. The prosthesis is usually made up of a metal, ceramic or a hard plastic. The objective of the surgery is to ultimately relieve a painful hip joint and make movements for walking easier. Hip replacement surgery is carried out in two ways;
Hip replacement surgery is a major and sophisticated surgery, therefore, not everyone is advised for surgery. Hip replacement surgery is done only when conventional therapy such as physiotherapy or steroids are no longer helpful,and in conditions of excessive pain, even while resting and when one is unable to perform any normal daily activities. Considering the above factors, people of all ages can undergo hip replacement surgery, if required, however, it is mostly carried out in people between the ages of 60 to 80 years.
Hip replacement surgery is advised topatients suffering from excruciating pain who find it difficult tomove and interference with sleep and restriction of day to day activities. Most common conditions that necessitate hip replacement includes;
Certain measures are to be taken before, during and after the surgery. These include:
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Total recovery time would depend on various factors and may differ considerably from patient to patient. Any underlying medical conditions like diabetes, osteoporosis, the weight of the patient etc would significantly affect the recovery time of the patient.
Recovery of patients with hip replacement is seen to be sooner than those with knee replacement, however, it is also seen to differ considerably from patient to patient. Some patients may take only a few weeks to recover while for others it might stretch up to 6 months to completely recover. The average recovery time observed is 3 to 6 months with no underlying complications.
The objective of a rehabilitation program after a surgery is to enhance the recovery duration and strengthened muscle strength and to reduce the problems of bed sores. The ultimate goal is to enable the ability to walk well, as they were able to before they suffered a hip fracture. Common rehabilitation process include;
Pain management- several ways to minimize pain include;
Exercises- it is an essential step for fast recovery from the surgery. There are three levels of exercise-initial exercise program (normally 4 to 6 weeks after surgery), intermediate exercise program and advanced exercise program. Common exercises include;
Education and training- A physiotherapist will provide sessions on physical therapy, the right way to executing the exercises and postures to maintain after surgery
Hip replacement surgery is not the first line of choice for the treatment of an injured hip, however, this is carried out after a series of tests and investigations and in situations where conservative remedy such as medication and physiotherapy is not functioning.
It is a difficult decision to make, whether to undergo a hip replacement surgery or not. Therefore, it is beneficial and essential to discuss the options with an orthopaedic surgeon to decide the right course of action.
After a hip replacement surgery, it is expected that the pain and discomfort are reduced. There is an improvement in movement and ease in carrying out daily activities. In most situations, successful treatments use a combination of approaches that are tailored to individual needs, lifestyle, and overall health. The potential benefits achieved with hip replacement are:
Additionally, as the recovery is different from patient to patient, hence, the discharge time will also differ.Some people may go home soon or after few weeks post-surgery, while others may need to stay back longer.
Being a major surgery, the choice of a hospital should be made after thorough consideration. It is important that ample weight be given to a hospital that has a full complement of specialized healthcare professionals including surgeons, anesthetist, nurses, dietician, physiotherapist etc. Joint replacement surgeries are ideally performed by an “Orthopedic surgeon”. While considering a hospital, it is also important to determine the availability of necessary infrastructure for carrying out surgery and management of any unexpected complications during and after the surgery.
Some factors that should be considered are:
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The cost of surgery is governed by several factors, such as
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Disclaimer: The shared article is only for awareness and education purpose. Readers are advised to consult their doctor for proper evaluation of the condition and more information. Do not self-medicate.