Physiotherapy is a category of healthcare services which are focused on restoring the body movements which may get impairment due to illness, surgery or accidents and may lead to disability. Physiotherapists are healthcare professionals specialized in the delivery of physiotherapy services. They can boost up mobility, functional ability and improve quality of life through detailed examination, evaluation,and physical intervention.
Figure 1: NANDE HOSPITAL PHYSIOTHERAPY EXPERTS
Physiotherapy includes rehabilitative and preventive services for a range of conditions and symptoms some of which include:
For patients who undergoorthopedic surgery, post-operative physiotherapy planning and adherence to the plan is critical to the end outcome. Physiotherapy helps to restore the movements and strengthens the muscles surrounding the area of surgery. Muscle strengthening is necessary to facilitate ease of movement and to provide protection against future injury. The main goal of physiotherapy after orthopedic surgeries is to help patients in gaining enough mobility and range of function so that they can perform their daily tasks independently. Physiotherapy is required for some of the following conditions:
In some kind of surgeries, proper movement of the joint cannot be restored and thus new ways are tried by physiotherapists to avoid putting excessive strain on joints. In some cases, it takes time for a person to rehabilitate and it is a painful process in the beginning as the affected area is severely weakened by injury and surgery. However, the affected area can come back to normal with specific strength building exercises.
Physiotherapists often use a variety of modalities for the treatment which include
Some of the surgeries that require post-operative physiotherapy rehabilitation are:
An individual’s fitness to undergo a surgery gets affected by a variety of factors like age, underlying medical condition etc. As a result, surgery may not be recommended for some people. Similarly, in some cases, surgery may not be required at all. In such cases, physiotherapy can be considered as a treatment option for certain orthopedic conditions because it relieves pain, increases the range of motion, and improves the strength & function of the joint.
Some of the orthopedic conditions where physiotherapy can be used as a primary line of treatment include:
Physiotherapy treatments which are generally performed for orthopedic conditions are:
The number of sessions of physiotherapy needed for an individual depends on the complexity of the problem, type of injury to the area and the speed of the recovery.
Physiotherapists usually take more time in the first session as more time is consumed in knowing a patient’s medical history, assessing the type of injury and therapy planning. After the first session of physiotherapy, follow up sessions are usually performed for 30 minutes to one hour. Many sessions are usually required as treatment must be gradual to prevent future injury.
Orthopedic surgeries can help the patient go back to their normal lifestyle by improving the quality of life, increases the range of motion, and reducing pain. Rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery becomes mandatory because healing takes time and the benefits you will get from surgery will depend on rehabilitation exercises after orthopedic surgery. Orthopedic surgeries which respond better after rehabilitation exercises include knee and hip surgeries, spine surgeries rotator or meniscal tear repairs.
Various benefits of rehabilitation exercises include restoration of normal movement of the body part like knees, muscle strengthening, reduction in pain and swelling and improve circulation after surgery.
Some of the exercises which are generally performed after orthopedic surgery like knee surgeries include:
Figure 2: http://www.rehabcaribbean.com/service/physiotherapy/
Disclaimer: The shared article is only for awareness and education purpose. Readers are advised to consult their doctor for proper evaluation of the condition and more information. Do not self-medicate.